PLA Administration Moravský kras
Svitavská 29, 678 01 Blansko
tel.: +420 516 428 880
fax: +420 516 410 525
Moravský Kras is the largest and the most important karst area in the Czech Republic. The karst area consists of Devon limestone lying northward from Brno. The landscape character is formed by plateaus with many sinkholes separated by deep canyon grooves. Most of the water flow coming from the non-karstified part of the Drahanská uplands vanishes underground where the limestone area begins. The water-flow created various cave labyrinths here during the long geological evolution. The northern part of Moravský Kras is drained by the Punkva River and its tributaries. The Amatérská cave complex is to be found here, stretching for almost 35 km when contiguous caves are included, making it one of the largest cave systems in Europe. In the central part of Moravský Kras, Rudické sinking-Býčí rock is the main cave system, which is 12 km long. Ochozská cave, 2 km long, is the most famous cave in the southern part of the area. In total there are more than 1,100 caves in Moravský Kras. In most of them, traces of ancient life and social development have been conserved. Inside Kůlna cave there is evidence of the most ancient settlement ever discovered in Moravský Kras, that of Neanderthal man 120,000 years ago. Discoveries of engravings of horses and bison in Pekárna cave are also remarkable. They were made by horse and reindeer hunters and they are estimated to be from 11,000 to 13,000 years old. The caves are also the main tourism attraction. The following caves are open to the public: Punkevní, Kateřinská, Balcarka and Sloupsko-šošůvské. About 400,000 people visit them every year.
Unique fauna and flora occur here due to the bedrock, broken terrain and the location on the border between the Panonian and Hercynian biogeographical regions. Cave fauna is remarkable. The most famous are bats, of which 21 species have been discovered till now. There are also numerous invertebrates living in the Moravský Kras caves that are perfectly adapted to life in total darkness. Some new, previously unknown species have been found here. As for critically endangered plants, Cortusa matthioli (Matthioli’s cortuse), a glacial relict, grows on Macocha gorge rock wall. It does not grow anywhere else in the Czech Republic. The structure of forests is mostly indigenous and they cover almost 60% of the area.
|Maloplošná zvláště chráněná území v CHKO:||Small-scale protected areas in the PLA: - 4 National nature reserves - 2 National nature monument - 11 Nature reserves|
|Jiné údaje:||Červený kopec and Stránská skála national nature monuments (lying outside the PLA) are also administred by the Administration of Moravský kras PLA.|
prvosenkovitá rostlina kruhatka Matthioliho roste v České republice pouze v propasti Macoše